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              Learning Chinese

              学校恐惧症

              1
              2018-02-26 14:48China Daily Editor: Yao Lan ECNS App Download

              学校恐惧症

              school phobia

              After the end of a semester and before the next, there are a good number of children with "school refusal disorder," Dr Zhang Yiwen of Shanghai Children's Medical Center told The Paper.

              上海儿童医学中心的章依文医师对澎湃新闻表示,在上一个学期结束¡¢下一个学期开始之前,有很多孩子都有"拒绝上学症".

              "学校恐惧症"£¨school phobia£©,也称为"拒绝上学症"£¨school refusal disorder£©,指一些儿童和青少年对学校产生恐惧和厌恶心理,不愿回到学校,表现出来的症?#20174;校?#22836;疼£¨headache£©¡¢恶心£¨nausea£©¡¢胃疼£¨stomachache£©等.

              儿童£¨children£©和青少年£¨teenagers£©是开学恐惧症的多发人群.据统计,13.8%的儿童情绪障碍£¨mental disorder£©为学校恐惧症.国内有研究发现,学校恐惧症中女孩比男孩略多见,男女比为3:4.

              学校恐惧症多发于几个年龄段.5-7岁为第一高峰期.这一阶段可能与分离焦虑£¨separation anxiety£©相关£»11-12岁为第二高峰期,可能与学习压力£¨school pressure£©逐渐加重,难以适应环境,以及与老师¡¢同学间的人际冲突£¨interpersonal conflicts£©有关£»14-15岁为第三个高峰期,这可能与学生进入青春期身心发展不平衡£¨unbalanced physical and mental development£©¡¢自我意识冲突等因素有关.

              另外,毕业班的学生面临升学的关键学期,沉重的学习任务以及自身和?#39029;?#30340;过高期望£¨overexpectation£©¡¢渴望成功但又担心失败的心理£¨the mentality of longing for success while worrying about failure£©都让孩子们深感压力巨大.

               

               

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